long been a subject of imaginative literature, the tiger has triggered many
a poet and author to pen work that can describe the alien and exotic quality
of this creature of the Felidae family. The Bengal Tiger or the Royal Bengal
Tiger (as it is pompously known in India) happens to be the most common
sub-species of tiger, declared as the national animal of India along with
countries like Bangladesh and Nepal.
Physical Traits of Tiger
Class : Mammalia
Family : Felidae
Species : P. Tigris
Phylum : Chordata
| Order :
Genus : Panthera
Latin Name : Panthera tigris (Linnaeus)
Local Names : Bagh/Sher (Hindi), Wagh (Marathi),
The biggest of cats, the tiger shows different traits depending on the
sub-species. Generally a male tiger measure between 200 and 300 kg, whereas
the females weigh between 120 and 180 kg. The average length of a male tiger
ranges between 2.6 and 3.3 m. Females, however, are smaller, measuring
between 2.3 and 2.75 m in length. Mostly, tigers bear an orange coat, a fair
ventral area and stripes that can be brown of hay. The number and density of
stripes on a tigers body varies as per their sub-species.
Habitat & Diet of Tiger
prefer a habitat where they can easily camouflage themselves. They mostly
like to inhabit thick grass, dense jungles and undergrowth. And when these
predators lie in wait of their prey, the stripes on the skin serve as a
perfect disguise. In the forests of Ranthambore and Sariska in Rajasthan,
the tiger can also be seen in the wrecking of monuments and temples. During
summers, they can be spotted in pools as well. They are good swimmers too.
Belonging to order Carnivora, they hunt for preys like deer, elephant, wild
buffalo, wild pig etc.
Spotting the Royal Bengal Tiger
Over the last few decades, the population of tiger has been dwindling very
badly. But, thanks to the Project Tiger Scheme thats proved to be no
less than a boon for these creatures. India has to boast numerous Tiger
Reserves where the Royal Bengal Tiger can be seen prowling fearlessly.
Travellers need to visit the following national
parks to have a chilling rendezvous with the majestic Bengal Tiger-